TEP (Transequatorial propagation) on 144 MHz.
Openings between Europe and Africa

QSO reported >> America Europe-Africa JA-VK
Maps of QSO >>  America   Europe-Africa   JA-VK 

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Stations in Southern Africa, Zimbabwe, Nabia, etc. areas, remember that the call frequency in Europe is 144.300 MHz, and that there is where everyone is listening most of the time. You could use 144.300 when calling for TEP to Europe, however bear in mind that most stations in southern Europe have the antenna beaming northwards and that 144.300 is very busy there, so it's not meaningful just to start calling CQ and hoping someone will listen to you. The best is to run scheduled attempts of QSO at arranged times and on a certain clear frequency. You can get in touch with other stations interested to run those skeds with you at the TEP on 144 MHz mailing list.

Remember that in general SSB is no usable in this mode of propagation due to the wide spreading of the signal, so please use CW. Also remember that the best times for TEP at our longitude are between 17:00 and 19:00 UTC. 
Date UTC Callsign Locator Callsign Locator Remarks SFI

Sunspot
Nr.

A K Map
10-Apr-1978 17:40 5B4WR   ZE2JV KH52ME   155 125 35   Map
12-Apr-1978 17:10-18:00 ZE2JV KH52ME 5B4AZ/5B4WR     155 110 30   Map
12-Apr-1978 17:56 SV1AB KM18VC ZE2JV KH52ME   155 110 30   Map
26-Apr-1978 18:20 SV1DH KM18UA ZE2JV KH52ME   166 115 15   Map
28-Apr-1978 17:50 SV1CS KM17 ZE2JV KH52ME 176 83 7 2- Map
5-Nov-1978 17:20 SV1DH KM18UA ZS6DN KG44DC RX only 181 121 5   Map
3-Feb-1979 18:30 SV1DH KM18UA ZE2JV KH52ME RX only 187 138 27   Map
13-Feb-1979 18:15 SV1DH KM18UA ZS6DN KG44DC   195 150 3   Map
16-Feb-1979 17:20 SV1AB KM18VC ZS6DN KG44DC   210 160 7   Map
16-Feb-1979 17:34 SV1AB KM18VC ZS6PW KG44DE   210 160 7   Map
5-Mar-1979 18:26 SV1DH KM18UA ZS6LN KG46RC   180 135 12   Map
19-Mar-1979 ~1808 PE1ALM ZS6DN/B KG46RC RX only (*2)
1978-1981? ? NL213 ZS beacon RX only (*3)
20-Mar-1979 18:16-18:30 ZE2JV KH52ME SV1DH/SV1AB KM18 RX only/432 MHz ! 185 132 7   Map
19-Oct-1979 18:25 SV1DH KM18UA ZE2JE KH52NF   237 221 4   Map
30-Mar-1979 ? I4EAT JN54VG ZS3B JG73 RX only 20 min. 187 135 15   Map
31-Mar-1979 1850-1910 I4EAT JN54VG ZS3B JG73 Map
14-Oct-1979 17:05 DC3MF JN58SF ZE2JV/B KH52ME RX only (*4) 236 213 7 2- Map
15-Oct-1979 17:00-17:30 DC3MF JN58SF ZE2JV/B KH52ME RX only (*4) 230 198 15 3- Map
1979-1981? ? ZD8DT II22 KP4EOR FK78AJ RX only Map
1979? 1980? ? EA6FB JM08 ZE2JV KH52ME Rx only (*3)         Map
8-Mar-1981 11:00-12:00 OK1AIY JO70 ZS6LW KG43LL  RX only/432 MHz !   Map
7-Apr-1981 17:52 SV1DH KM18UA ZS6LW KG43LL   242 152 7   Map
5-May-1981 18:05-18:15 YU7PXB KN05BW ZS6LW KG43LL RX only (*4) 237 162 5 1+ Map
17-Sep-1981 ? SV1AB KM18VC ZS4BU KG33VE   215 130 5   Map
2-Oct-1981 17:46 SV1DH KM18UA ZS4BU KG33VE   204 206 12   Map
26-Feb-1982 1800 OK1MBS JO70SL ZE2JV KH52ME Rx only Map
20-Sep-1988 ? I4XCC JN63 ZS3AT JG87   150 150 10   Map
3-Oct-1988 ? I4XCC JN63 ZS3     200 130 3    
7-Mar-1989 ? ZS3   wrk I/SV     190 100 20    
10-Oct-1989 18:45-19:18 ZS3AT JG87 IK0LYL/IW0AKA JN61   200 130 12   Map
15-Oct-1989 18:36 IK0BZY JN61GW ZS3E JG89   225 185 3   Map
18-Oct-1989 ? ZS3E JG89 wrk I0     220 185 17    
26-Oct-1989 19:11 ZS3E JG89 I0UZF JN62            
2-Nov-1989 18:59 IK0BZY JN61GW ZS3AT JG87MK   215 160 20   Map
5-Mar-1990 ? ZS3E JG89 wrk 9H JM75   162 97 10   Map
7-Apr-1990 ? 3A V5 QSO (*2)
16-Sep-1990 18:44 9H1CG JM75 V51E JG89   156 205 7   Map
26-Sep-1990 1910 I0   V5   QSO (*2) 160 95 12    
27-Sep-1990 1820 3A/I   V5   QSO (*2) 152 77 7    
11-Oct-1990 1825 I0   V5   QSO (*2) 205 195 40    
21-Mar-1991 18:00-19:00 SV1DH KM18UA ZS6AXT & ZS6WB   RX only 255 167 27    
27-Mar-1991 18:00-19:00 SV1DH KM18UA ZS6AXT & ZS6WB   RX only 202 137 30    
3-Apr-1994 ? 7Q7JL KH74 4X4IF KM72 RX (*1) 77 0 77   Map

(*1) This is a very strange report. I wonder if the date is correct !
(*2) Not confirmed !
(*3) Confirmed, but he doesn't remember exact date/time
(*4) Confirmed by at least one of the stations involved

Look also at this summary of openings between 1978 and 1979, kindly provided by SV1DH. Look at the number of openings recorded and if you thought that TEP on 144/432 MHz was rare in the Euro-African sector now you can start changing your mind !
PERIOD: Jul 1978-Dec 1981       2m TEP ON EUROAFRICAN SECTOR
Path MONTHLY RELIABILITY(%) Number of
Openings
Min.
SFI
Max.
Kp(3h)
Max Mean Min
ZE2-SV1 87 27 0 400 117 7-
ZE2-5B 90 36 3 340 108 7+
ZS6-SV1 72 15 0 250 137 4+
ZS6-5B 0 0 0 0 - -
PERIOD: Mar 1979-Nov 1979  70cm TEP ON EUROAFRICAN SECTOR
ZE2-SV1 23 7 0 15 * 156 4
ZE2-5B 27 8 0 - - -

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