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In this VFR - GPS Flight Plan we take off from the airport of Kapoeta (HSKP) [South Sudan], overfly the Boma National Park and enter the Ethiopian territory to land in the airport of Aba Segud - Jimma (HAJM) [Ethiopia].
Find below a short extract and screenshots of the main points of the route. In this journey around Africa I have used the Cessna 172S (Skyhawk)
Take off from the runway 32 of the airport of Kapoeta.
Kapoeta Airport (IATA: n/a, ICAO: HSKP) is located in Kapoeta South County in Namorunyang State, in the town of Kapoeta, near the International borders with Kenya and Uganda. The airport is located approximately 3 kilometres (1.9 mi), north of the central business district of Kapoeta.
This location lies approximately 221 kilometres (137 mi), by air, east of Juba International Airport, South Sudan's largest airport. The geographic coordinates of this airport are: 4° 46' 48.00"N, 33° 35' 6.00"E (Latitude: 4.7800; Longitude: 33.5850). Kapoeta Airport is situated 677 metres (2,221 ft) above sea level. The airport has a single unpaved runway that is 1058 m. in length. (*1)
Flat landscape while flying towards the Boma National Park.
Overflying the Boma National Park.
Entering the Ethiopian territory. The Akobo river is the border between the two countries.
The boundary between Sudan and Ethiopia was defined for the region near the Akobo River in 1899, by Major H.H. Austin and Major Charles W. Gwynn of the British Royal Engineers. They had no knowledge of the land, its inhabitants, or their languages, and were short on supplies. Rather than defining a line based on ethnic groups and traditional territories, essentially along the escarpment that separates the highlands and the plains, Majors Austin and Gwynn simply proposed drawing the line down the middle of the Akobo River and parts of the Pibor River and Baro River. This boundary was consummated in the Anglo-Ethiopian Treaty of 1902, resulting in an area in the Ethiopian Gambela Region called the Baro Salient.
The Baro Salient is more closely connected to South Sudan than Ethiopia, both in terms of natural features and people. The Baro Salient was used as a sanctuary by Sudanese insurgents during the country's long civil wars. It was difficult for Sudan to exert authority over a region that is part of Ethiopia, and Ethiopia was reluctant to police this remote region and become involved in the politics of Sudan's internal conflicts.
The Akobo has been the subject of several mining surveys. In 1939, engineers of COMINA carried out exploration of the Akobo and its tributaries. North-flowing tributaries appeared to be more promising than the south-flowing ones. Values up to 10 grams of gold per cubic meter were found in Chama creek, and the possible average value could be 0.7 g per cubic meter. In the period 1952-1954 the Ministry of Mines employed as many as 120 miners at a time. They produced an average of 1.66 grams of gold per day. (*1)
First mountains while approaching the Ethiopian highlands.
Nice landscapes overflying the mountains.
The Ethiopian Highlands is a rugged mass of mountains in Ethiopia in northeast Africa. It forms the largest continuous area of its elevation in the continent, with little of its surface falling below 1,500 m (4,900 ft), while the summits reach heights of up to 4,550 m (14,930 ft). It is sometimes called the Roof of Africa due to its height and large area. Most of the Ethiopian Highlands are part of central and northern Ethiopia, and its northernmost portion reaches into Eritrea. (*1)
Scattered houses all along the road.
The Gilo river, when getting closer to Dimbra
The Gilo River is a river in the Gambela Region of southwestern Ethiopia. It is also known by a variety of names: the Gimira of Dizu call it the "Mene", while the Gemira of Chako call it "Owis", and Amhara and Oromo settlers in the early 20th century knew it by a third name, "Bako". From its source in the Ethiopian Highlands near Mizan Teferi it flows to the west, through Lake Tata to join the Pibor River on Ethiopia's border with Sudan. The combined waters then join the Sobat River and the White Nile.
The Gilo River flows mainly through the Baro Salient, a portion of Ethiopia that juts westward into Sudan. The river valley was subjected to a great deal of prospecting for gold before World War II and in the 1950s, but not enough was found to make commercial extraction viable.
Jessen, who was part of W.N. McMillan's expedition that travelled through this part of southwestern Ethiopia in 1904, estimated its length at 200 miles, and noted that at flood the width of the Gilo reaches 80 to 100 yards, with a depth of about 20 feet. (*1)
Flying over Dimbra (Dimbira?).
Starting the descend to our destination.
Final approach to the airport of Aba Segud - Jimma.
Jimma (Oromo: Jimma, Amharic: ጅማ) also spelled Jimmaa, is the largest city in southwestern Oromia Region, Ethiopia. It is a special zone of the Oromia Region and is surrounded by Jimma Zone. It has a latitude and longitude of 7°40′N 36°50′E. Prior to the 2007 census, Jimma was reorganized administratively as a special Zone.
A few buildings have survived from the time of the Jimma Kingdom, including the Palace of Abba Jifar. The city is home to a museum, Jimma University, several markets, and an airport (ICAO code HAJM, IATA JIM). Also of note is the Jimma Research Center, founded in 1968, which is run by the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research. The Center specializes in agricultural research, including serving as the national center for research to improve the yield of coffee and spices. (*1)
Jimma city centre
By Rod Waddington - CC BY-SA 2.0
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(*1) Credits: The descriptive texts are mainly an excerpt of those provided by Wikipedia. Visit Wikipedia to read the full descriptions.
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