Tour around Africa: Stage 41 - Khartoum (HSSS) to El Obeid (HSOB)
MS Flight Simulator VFR Flight Plan
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In this VFR - GPS Flight Plan we take off from the airport of Khartoum (HSSS) [Sudan], fly to the south following the course of the White Nile until the city of Kosti, where we turn to the west and fly up to El Obeid and land in its airport (HSOB) [Sudan]

Find below a short extract and screenshots of the main points of the route. In this journey around Africa I have used the Cessna 172S (Skyhawk)

Take off from runway 36 of the airport of Khartoum

Khartoum International Airport (IATA: KRT, ICAO: HSSK) (Arabic:مطار الخرطوم الدولي) is the principal airport in Khartoum, the capital of Sudan.

Khartoum airport is situated in the heart of the capital and serving as the country's main gateway to the world. The current facility will be replaced by the New Khartoum International Airport in Omdourman 40 kilometers south of the centre of Khartoum in 2022. This is planned to have two 4000 metre runways, a passenger terminal of 86,000 square metres and a 300-room international hotel. Construction is to be carried out by China Harbour Engineering Co. (CHEC).  (*1)

Airport in the middle of the city
Hind Mekki El Mardi - CC BY-SA 4.0
Khartoum airport

The intersection of the two Niles, the White Nile to the left and the Blue Nile to the right.


Following the course of wide White Nile river, down to the south.


At Kosti we turn to the west and leave the Nile for now.

Kosti (also Kusti, Arabic: كوستي‎) is one of the major cities (population as of 1993 was 173,599) in Sudan that lies south of Khartoum, the capital of Sudan, and stands on the western bank of the White Nile river opposite Rabak(the capital of the White Nile state)where there is a bridge. The city is served by Kosti Railway Station and Rabak Airport.

Kosti was founded shortly after 1899 by the Greek merchant Konstantinos “Kostas” Mourikis, who arrived in Sudan along with his brother following the Anglo-Egyptian victory over the indigenous Mahdist state. He set up a store on the White Nile, where pilgrims from West Africa to Mecca and Southern trade routes crossed. The settlement soon grew to a town and was named after "Kostas", illustrating the important role played by the Greeks in Sudan, especially in the field of trade. (*1)

Kosti Residential Area
Bertramz - CC BY-SA 3.0
Railway Station in Kosti
Bertramz - CC BY-SA 3.0

The region looks quite dry, however there are farmlands everywhere.


Passing by Tandalti.

Tendelti (Tandalti) is a small town in White Nile State, Central Sudan. Tendelti is an administrative Locality in the White Nile State and it is on the borders Between White Nile State and Northern Kordofan State.

It is served by a station that lies in the main road between Khartoum and Western Sudan, where the road passes Tendelti from Kosti to Um Rawaba in Northern Kordofan. Also Tendelti is a conjunction of roads that connecting the northern part of the locality and the transportation from El Dewaim and Khartoum at the Western Bank of White Nile. (*1)

Leaving Umm Ruwabah behind

Umm Ruwaba, also Umm Ruwabah (Arabic: أم روابة‎; Ruaba and Umm Ruaba), is a city in the state of North Kurdufan in Sudan and is the capital of the Umm Ruwabah District. By road it is located 147 kilometres (91 mi) southeast of El Obeid, and 184 kilometres (114 mi) west of Rabak. Founded by the Ottoman Empire in 1820, it is at the junction of important roads and camel caravan routes.

Umm Ruwaba lies in southern central Sudan in the semi-arid region of the Sahel. It has an average annual precipitation of 300 to 450 millimeters. Local aquifers are considered to be productive and are the source of water for many wells in the region. Water is typically extracted from depths of 300 to 400 ft, although some boreholes have been dug as far as 1000 ft. Geologically it lies in the Tertiary-Quaternary Umm Ruwaba Basin, composed mainly of fine-grained lacustrine and fluviatile sediments. (*1)

Flying to the sunset, near our destination.


Approach to the airport of El Obeid

El-Obeid (Arabic: الأبيض‎, al-ʾAbyaḍ, lit. "the White"), also romanized as Al-Ubayyid, is the capital of the state of North Kurdufan, in Sudan.

El-Obeid was founded by the pashas of Ottoman Egypt in 1821. It was attacked by the Mahdists in September 1882, and, after capitulation, was subsequently destroyed in 1883. It was then rebuilt on a modern plan in 1898, following the fall of the Mahdist empire.

In 2008, its population was 340,940. It is an important transportation hub: the terminus of a rail line, the junction of various national roads and camel caravan routes, and the end of a pilgrim route from Nigeria. As regional commercial centre, it is known for products such as gum arabic, millet, oilseeds, and livestock.

The population of El-Obeid today is majority Muslim, with a small Christian presence. The town is the site of an airport and an oil refinery. El-Obeid is home to the University of Kordofan, one of the largest universities in Sudan, established in 1990. Since 1989, the city also has been home to a French Association (Alliance française) that serves as a Sudanese-French cultural centre in cooperation with the university's French language department.

The United Nations Mission in Sudan established its Logistics Base there.

Due to the repair and paving of asphalt roads and the emergence of several private bus companies, transport became easier between the town and the Sudanese capital Khartoum. The 500 kilometres (310 mi) journey takes about nine hours by tourist coach, and another three hours from El-Obeid to Um Kadada in Darfur. (*1)

The Moon rising while taxing at the airport.


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(*1) Credits: The descriptive texts are mainly an excerpt of those provided by Wikipedia. Visit Wikipedia to read the full descriptions.

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