How 2m. EME signal reporting works &
how to properly fill a 2m. EME QSL card

The purpose of this page is to explain how the 2m. EME signal report works and how to properly fill an EME QSL card. Too often I receive QSL cards from EME newcomers with wrong modes and reports, what make those QSL not valid for award crediting purposes.

First of all, let's concentrate on some basic concepts of the most common mistake, the signal report...

In summary, the QSL card must must indicate the true sent report, and according to current standard EME procedures for two meter band the only possible report is a SINGLE LETTER O. (With the exception of QSO between large stations where the RST report could have been used for CW and SSB modes).

Another common mistake in digital communications is the mode. The mode indicated on the QSL should be JT65A, JT65B or JT65C, according to the mode used durig the QSO. Writing "JT65" (without the sub-mode letter) could also be acceptable, but "WSJT" definitively is not. WSJT is the name of a program, not a mode.

Finally, as far as the date and time is concerned, it should always be UTC and indicate the start and end time of the QSO. If indication of both times is not possible (not supported by the logbook program, etc.) the time written on the QSL should always be the time the QSO was completed (not the time it has started).

This is an example of how a 2m. EME QSL card should be properly filled:

EA6VQ confirming EME QSO:









15:45 -




Best signal -23 dB

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